Security guards play a crucial role in ensuring the safety of people, buildings, and their contents. Their responsibilities include mitigating danger, intercepting criminal activity, and maintaining a secure environment.

To work as a security guard in the UK, it is essential to have a license from the Security Industry Authority (SIA). This license ensures that security personnel are trained to a high industry standard and can be trusted to keep staff and sites secure. Working without an SIA license is considered a criminal offense, punishable by a fine or prison sentence.

In addition to the SIA license, there are no specific educational qualifications required to become a security guard. However, the SIA does expect a good level of basic education.

Gaining an SIA license allows security guards to work in various sectors, including mobile security, CCTV operation, and key holding.

To obtain an SIA license, individuals must be at least 18 years old and complete the UK ‘licence-linked’ qualification provided by an SIA-approved training provider Background checks are conducted to ensure a clean criminal record and the legal right to work in the UK.

First aid training is compulsory for security guards working as door supervisors They must acquire a DS License for Door Supervision in addition to the SIA license.

The Main Duties of Security Guards

Patrolling and Monitoring Sites

Security guards are responsible for patrolling premises to ensure the safety of personnel and the facility itself. This duty acts as a deterrent against physical threats and property damage. On-site guards are strategically positioned to monitor who enters the site and prevent intruders.

Conflict De-Escalation and Management

Security guards are trained to de-escalate tensions and intervene appropriately in conflicts or disagreements. Strong customer service skills are essential in this role.

Responding to Alarm Triggers

Security guards promptly respond to alarm activations, protecting unattended properties from intruders or criminals. They must be prepared to mitigate any risk and involve authorities if necessary.

Liaising with Authorities

While security guards do not have the same powers as police officers, they can temporarily detain and arrest individuals on reasonable grounds until the police arrive. They are responsible for providing relevant details to the authorities in the event of a security breach or crime.

Bag Searches

Security guards often conduct bag searches, especially at events, to ensure the safety of all individuals entering a site. This duty involves searching for dangerous substances and weapons that may cause harm to others.

Implementing Site-Specific Rules

Security guards are employed to carry out site-specific tasks, such as enforcing health and safety rules or visitor protocols, with professionalism and minimal disruption to the site.

Limitations of Security Guards

Making Unwarranted Arrests

Security guards do not have the same powers as police officers and cannot make unwarranted arrests. However, they can make citizen’s arrests on reasonable grounds if they suspect someone has committed a crime.

Forced Searches

Security guards cannot conduct forced searches on a person or property. They must have consent from the person being searched, and if the person refuses, the search cannot be conducted.

Carrying or Using Weapons

Security guards are strictly prohibited from carrying or using weapons, including close protection guards. This ensures that weapons are not misused and reduces the potential risk of weapon-related incidents.

Excessive Force

Security guards are bound by the same laws as citizens and are not permitted to use excessive force or aggression towards the public. They can only use reasonable force to prevent crime or assist in the lawful arrest of offenders.

It is important for security guards to abide by these limitations to ensure public safety and maintain trust in their role as protectors.

In conclusion, being a security officer requires a combination of professionalism, knowledge, and a keen eye for detail. By embracing these qualities and following the do’s and don’ts discussed above, security officers can effectively fulfil their duty of maintaining safety and security. Paramount Security understands the importance of providing top-notch security services, and we take pride in our team of highly trained and reliable security officers.

At Paramount Security, we prioritise professionalism, ensuring that our security officers maintain a polished appearance and conduct themselves with the utmost integrity. With a commitment to continuous improvement, our officers undergo regular training to stay updated on the latest security protocols and techniques. Their observational skills and effective communication allow them to identify and report any suspicious activities promptly, ensuring a swift response to potential threats.

Our security officers excel in access control, strictly enforcing protocols to prevent unauthorised access. Additionally, they possess the necessary conflict resolution skills to handle challenging situations calmly and professionally, always prioritising the safety and well-being of everyone involved.